Under the guidance of Ananda, the Buddha's favorite disciple, the body was cremated by his friends in Kusinagara.
Seven neighboring rulers as well as King Ajatasatru demanded that the relics be divided among them.
The People of Kusinagara at first refused and the dispute even threatened to end in war;
but under the advice of a wise man named Drona,
the crisis passed and the relics were divided among the eight great countries.
The ashes of the funeral pyre and the earthen jar that contained the relics were also given to two other rulers to be likewise honored.
Thus ten great towers commemorating the Buddha were built to enshrine his relics and ashes.